Points on Care

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Points on Care is a quarterly data brief series presenting timely and innovative analytic work on issues facing primary care access. In each brief, PCDC’s Evaluation and Analytics team will share new findings as part of broader, ongoing research into emerging topics in primary care.

Redlining and New York City: A Lens on Primary Care and Maternal Health (2023)

In this issue of Points on Care, the Primary Care Development Corporation (PCDC) examines access to primary care in New York City through the historical lens of redlining practices. As maternal and infant health is indicative of and pivotal to the overall health of a community, the report also spotlights associated maternal and infant health outcomes to delve further into how this discriminatory practice may still affect New Yorkers.


More Primary Care Providers Mean Better Health for New Yorkers (2022)

In this issue of Points on Care, the Primary Care Development Corporation (PCDC) examines primary care provider (PCPs) availability across New York City and identifies associations with key indicators of population health and COVID-19 outcomes. Additionally, PCDC highlights the relationship between PCP availability and disinvestment, and provides recommendations for strategic investment in primary care.


Investing in Primary Care: The Pathway to Better Health and Equity in the United States (2022)

In this issue of Points on Care, PCDC explores evidence demonstrating that health systems offering robust access to primary care have better outcomes and fewer disparities among patients, as well as overall lower costs. This brief highlights the recent data that indicate primary care in the United States (U.S.) is underfunded and that increased investment in primary care would increase access to and ultimately produce better, more equitable health outcomes.


Characteristics of Primary Care Providers in New York State (2022)

In this issue of Points on Care, characteristics of primary care providers (PCPs) in New York State are explored, including primary profession type, age, and geography. The brief highlights differences in PCPs profession types in urban versus rural regions of the state, with Nurse Practitioners and Physician Assistants comprising a larger percentage of PCPs in rural areas and in Health Professional Shortage Areas.

New York FQHCs Help Reduce Community-level COVID-19 Mortality (2021)

In this issue, PCDC finds associations with delayed access to care and higher COVID-19 cases and deaths across New York State and City. Community-level Federally Qualified Health Center penetration was associated with reduced COVID-19 mortality in New York.

Rising Need for Behavioral Health Integration (2021)

In this issue of Points on Care, PCDC reviews the most recent information on primary – behavioral health care integration, including latest data on integration’s promising impacts on clinical outcomes and cost reduction. The brief also presents emerging data on rising behavioral health needs amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Historic Redlining Practices Create Health Inequities (2020)

In this issue of Points on Care, PCDC examines historic redlining practices and its implications in creating health disparities across New York City. These practices include unfair housing and lending discrimination, which resulted in neighborhoods experiencing adverse effects due to poverty, including higher rates of uninsurance and obesity.

California Primary Care Access (2020)

In this issue of Points on Care, aspects of primary care access are examined across the state of California. Disparities in access are observed, and a closer analysis of the four largest cities in California reveals further disparities that are aligned with socioeconomic indicators.

COVID-19 and Health Inequities in NYC (2020)

In this special issue of Points on Care, COVID-19 rates and associations with chronic disease burden, socioeconomic factors, and primary care access are explored in the pandemic’s epicenter: New York City. This brief identifies deepening health disparities and calls for rapid response through the primary care system.

NYC Hotspot Data Brief

Hotspots in Preventable Emergency Department Visits (2020)

In this issue of Points on Care, clusters of potentially preventable Emergency Department visits in New York City are mapped and examine for associations with community-level health inequities.

Rural-Urban Gap in Uninsured in New York (2019)

In the first issue of Points on Care, the shortages in uninsured rates along the rural-urban continuum are explored and we evaluates the degree to which disparities were mitigated by the Affordable Care Act in NYS.